- The physiology of stress including: general adaptation syndrome (GAS), the hypothalamic pituitary-adrenal system (HPA) and the sympathomedullary pathway (SAM) and the role of cortisol.
- The role of stress in illness, including reference to immunosuppression and cardiovascular disorders.
- Sources of stress: life changes and daily hassles.
- Sources of stress – Workplace stress, including the effects of work load and control.
- Measuring stress: self-report scales (Social Readjustment Rating Scales and Hassles and Uplift Scales) and physiological measures including, skin conductance response.
- Individual differences in stress: personality types A, B and C and associated behaviours; hardiness, including, control, commitment and challenge.
- Managing and coping with stress: drug therapy (benzodiazepines, beta blockers), stress inoculation therapy and biofeedback.
- Gender differences in coping with stress. The role of social support in coping with stress, types of social support, including instrumental, emotional and esteem support.